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Roman Colosseum

View of the Roman Colosseum, Series of archways.

The Colosseum also known as the Flavian Amphitheatre, is an oval amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Mainly built from concrete and sand, it is the largest amphitheatre ever built and is considered one of the greatest works of architecture and engineering ever.

The construction began under the emperor Vespasian in 72 AD, and was completed in 80 AD under his successor and heir Titus. Further modifications were made during the reign of Domitian (81–96). These three emperors are known as the Flavian dynasty, and the amphitheatre was named in Latinfor its association with their family name (Flavius).

The Colosseum could hold, it is estimated, between 50,000 and 80,000 spectators having an average audience of some 65,000; it was used for gladiatorial contests and public spectacles such as mock sea battles, animal hunts, executions, re-enactments of famous battles, and dramas based on Classical mythology. The building ceased to be used for entertainment in the early medieval era. It was later reused for such purposes as housing, workshops, quarters for a religious order, a fortress, a quarry, and a Christian shrine.

Although partially ruined because of damage caused by earthquakes and stone-robbers, the Colosseum is still an iconicsymbol of Imperial Rome.

 

 

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Chronological Year: 
72 BCE/CE